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This class will define direction, cover how to determine magnetic and grid azimuths, and ensure the student can utilize both azimuths when in the tree line and on the map.


A Marine Officer must know how and under what circumstances to utilize grid and magnetic azimuths in order to navigate to an objective, call for fire, execute a casualty evacuation (CASEVAC), etc.

In This Lesson                     

We will discuss the different types of north (true, magnetic, and grid), how to find and convert azimuths, and how to determine annual magnetic changes.

This lesson covers the following topics:

Topic Page
North Lines 4
Azimuths 5
Annual Magnetic Changes 6
Utilizing Azimuths 7
Review Questions 10
Review Questions Answers 24
Summary 30
References 30
Glossary of Terms and Acronyms 30
Notes 30